Journal:

2010. 18 (1)

Publicatione: 
A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF FEATHER MITES OF THE PTERODECTES GENERIC COMPLEX (ACARI: PROCTOPHYLLODIDAE: PTERODECTINAE) WITH REDESCRIPTIONS OF SPECIES DESCRIBED BY VLADIMÍR ČERNÝ



About authors:

Valim M. P., Laboratório de Ixodides, Depto. Entomologia; Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz; Av. Brasil, 4365, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, BRAZIL

Hernandes F. A., Depto. Zoologia e Botânica; Progr. Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal, Universidade Estadual Paulista UNESP; Rua Cristóvão Colombo, 2265, Jardim Nazareth, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil

Annotation:

Five species of feather mites originally described in the genus Pterodectes by Vladimir Černý (1974) are redescribed: Pterodectes havliki, P. maculatus , P. reticulatus, P. storkani, P. thraupicola and P. troglodytis. The formerly unknown males of P. thraupicola and P. reticulatus and the female of P. maculatus are described for the first time. A synopsis of known species of the Pterodectes generic complex is presented, and species content of the genus Pterodectes is revised. Fifteen species previously included in this genus are transferred to the new genus Amerodectes gen. n.: Amerodectes atyeoi (OConnor et al., 2005) comb. n., A. bilineatus (Berla, 1958) comb. n., A. geothlypis (Berla, 1973) comb. n., A. gracilis (Trouessart, 1885) comb. n., A. maculatus comb. n., A. molothrus (Mironov, 2008) comb. n., A. nordestensis (Berla, 1958) comb. n., A. paroariae (Mironov, 2008) comb. n., A. pitangi (Mironov, 2008) comb. n., A. tangarae (Mironov, 2008) comb. n., A. turdinus (Berla, 1959) comb. n., A. sialiarum (Stoll, 1893) comb. n., A. storkani (Černý, 1974) comb. n., A. thraupicola (Černý, 1974) comb. n., and A. troglodytis (Černý, 1974) comb. n. Five species are transferred to the genus Tyrannidectes Mironov, 2008: Tyrannidectes amaurochalinus (Hernandes et Valim, 2006) comb. n., T. banksi (Valim et Hernandes, 2008) comb. n., T. crassus (Trouessart, 1885) comb. n., T. fissuratus (Hernandes et Valim, 2005) comb. n., and T. reticulatus (Černý, 1974) comb. n.; and one species is moved to the genus Metapterodectes Mironov, 2008: Metapterodectes muticus (Banks, 1909) comb. n. The genus Pterodectes remains monotypic, with the type species P. rutilus Robin, 1877.

Bibliography:

Atyeo, W.T. and Braasch, N.L. 1966. The feather mite
genus Proctophyllodes (Sarcoptiformes, Procto-
phyllodidae). Bulletin of the University of Nebras-
ka State Museum, 5: 1–354.

Atyeo, W.T. and Gaud, J. 1966. The chaetotaxy of sar-
coptiform feather mites (Acarina: Analgoidea).
Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 39:
337–346.

Banks, N. 1909. New Canadian mites. Proceedings of
the Entomological Society of Washington, 11:
133–143.

Barker, F.K., Barrowclough, G.F., and Groth, J.G. 2002.
A phylogenetic hypothesis for passerine birds:
taxonomic and biogeographic implications of an
analysis of nuclear DNA sequence data. Proceed-
ings of the Royal Society B, 269: 295–308.

Barker, F.K., Cibois, A., Schikler, P., Feinstein, J., and
Cracraft, J. 2004. Phylogeny and diversification of
the largest avian radiation. Proceedings of the Na-
tional Academy of Science, 101 (30): 11040–11045.

Berla, H.F. 1958. Analgesidae Neotropicais. I — Duas
Novas espécies de Pterodectes Robin, 1868 (Ac-
arina — Proctophyllodinae) coletadas em Fringil-
lidae, Aves, Passeriformes. Boletim do Museu Na-
cional (Zoologia), 186: 1–6.

Berla, H.F. 1959. Analgesoidea Neotropicais. IV— So-
bre algumas espécies novas ou pouco conhecidas
de acarinos plumícolas. Boletim do Museu Nacio-
nal (Zoologia), 209: 1–17.

Berla, H.F. 1973. Analgesoidea Neotropicais. X —
Uma nova espécie de Pterodectes Robin, 1877.
Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 33 (1): 21–22.

Canestrini, G. 1886. Famiglia degli Analgesini. Pros-
petto dell’Acarofauna italiana. Padova, 2:
241–311.

Canestrini, G. 1878. Nouve specie del genre Dermalei-
chus. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Let-
tere ed Arti (ser. 5), 5: 43–70.

Canestrini, G. and Kramer, P. 1899. Demodicidae and
Sarcoptidae. Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstel-
lung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten, 7: 1–193.

Černý, V. 1967. Catálogo de la fauna Cubana XX. Lista
de los ácaros parásitos de aves reportadas em
Cuba. Trabajos de divulgación / Academia de
Ciencias de Cuba, Museo Felipe Poey, 45: 1–23.

Černý, V. 1974. Parasitic mites of Surinam. XXXI.
New species of Proctophyllodidae (Sarcopti-
formes, Analgoidea). Folia Parasitologica, 21:
349–361.

Černý, V. and Lukoschus, F.S. 1975. Parasitic mites of
Surinam. XXXIII. Feather mites (Analgoidea).
Studies on the Fauna of Suriname and other Guy-
anas, 15: 184–203.

Dabert, J. and Mironov, S.V. 1999. Origin and evolu-
tion of feather mites (Astigmata). Experimental
and Applied Acarology, 23: 437–454.
Daniel, M. 2002. Vladimir Černý. Acarina, 10 (2):
189.

Dickinson, E.C. (Ed.) 2003. The Howard and Moore
Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd
ed. Publisher: Princeton University Press, New
Jersey, 1039 pp.

Gaud, J. 1953. Sarcoptidés plumicoles des oiseaux
d’Afrique occidentale et centrale. Annales de Pa-
rasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 28 (3):
193–226.

Gaud, J. and Atyeo, W.T. 1996. Feather mites of the
world (Acarina, Astigmata): the supraspecific
taxa. Annales Musee Royal L’Afrique Centrale,
Sciences Zoologiques, 277: 1–187 (Part I), 1–436
(Part II).

Gaud, J. and Mouchet, J. 1957. Acariens plumicoles
(Analgesoidea) des oiseaux du Cameroun. I. Proc-
tophyllodidae. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine
et Comparée 32 (5–6): 491–546.

Gaud, J. and Till, W.M. 1961. Suborder Sarcoptiformes.
In: E. Zumpt (Ed.) The arthropod parasites of ver-
tebrates in Africa south of the Sahara (Ethiopian
Region), Volume I (Chelicerata). Publications of
the South African Institute of Medical Research,
No L (Vol. IX). Johannesburg, South Africa, pp.
180–352.

Griffiths, D.A., Atyeo, W.T., Norton, R.A. and Lynch,
C.A. 1990. The idiosomal chaetotaxy of astigma-
tid mites. Journal of Zoology, 220 (1): 1–32.
Hernandes, F.A. and Valim, M.P. 2005. A new species
of Pterodectes Robin, 1877 (Proctophyllodidae:
Pterodectinae) from the pale-breasted thrush, Tur-
dus leucomelas (Passeriformes: Turdidae). Zoot-
axa, 1081: 61–68.

Hernandes, F.A. and Valim, M.P. 2006. Two new spe-
cies of the feather mite subfamily Pterodectinae
(Acari: Astigmata: Proctophyllodidae) from Bra-
zil. Zootaxa, 1235: 49–61.

Hernandes, F.A., Valim, M.P. and Mironov, S.V. 2010.
On the identity of Pterodectes ralliculae Atyeo et
Gaud, 1977 (Astigmata: Proctophyllodidae). Jour-
nal of Natural History, 44: 369–377.

Mironov, S.V. 2006. Feather mites of the genus Monte-
sauria Oudemans (Astigmata: Proctophyllodidae)
associated with starlings (Passeriformes: Sturni-
dae) in the Indo-Malayan region, with notes on the
systematics of the genus. Acarina, 14 (1): 21–40.

Mironov, S.V. 2008. Three new species of the feather
mite subfamily Pterodectinae (Acari: Astigmata:
Proctophyllodidae) from passerines (Aves: Pas-
seriformes) in Central Africa. Annales Zoologici,
58 (2): 403–418.

Mironov, S.V. 2009. Phylogeny of feather mites of the
subfamily Pterodectinae (Astigmata: Proctophyl-
lodidae) and their host associations with passer-
ines (Aves: Passeriformes). Proceedings of the
Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of
Sciences, 313: 97–118.

Mironov, S.V, Literak, I. and Čapek, M. 2008a. New
feather mites of the subfamily Pterodectinae (Ac-
ari: Astigmata: Proctophyllodidae) from passer-
ines (Aves: Passeriformes) in Mato Grosso do Sul,
Brazil. Zootaxa, 1947: 1–38.

Mironov, S.V., Diao, W., Zhang, Y., Zhang, C., and Yan,
Zh. 2008b. A new feather mite species of the ge-
nus Proterothrix Gaud (Astigmata, Proctophyllo-
didae) from Ficedula zanthopygia (Hay) (Passeri-
formes: Muscicapidae) in China. Acarina, 16 (1):
31–38.

OConnor, B.M., Foufopoulos, J., Lipton, D., and Lind-
ström, K. 2005. Mites associated with the small
ground finch, Geospiza fuliginosa (Passeriformes:
Emberizidae), from the Galapagos Islands. Jour-
nal of Parasitology, 91 (6): 1304–1313.

Park, C.K. and Atyeo, W.T. 1971. A generic revision of
the Pterodectinae, a new subfamily of feather
mites (Sarcoptiformes: Analgoidea). Bulletin of
the University of Nebraska State Museum, 9 (3):
39–88.

Radford, C.D. 1958. The host-parasite relationships of
the feather mites (Acarina: Analgeoidea). Revista
Brasileira de Entomologia, 8: 107–170.

Reeves, W.K., Durden, L.A., Ritzi, C.M., Beckham,
K.R., Super, P.E., and OConnor, B.M. 2007. Ec-
toparasites and other ectosymbiotic arthropods of
vertebrates in the Great Smoky Mountains Nation-
al Park, USA. Zootaxa, 1392: 31–68.

Robin, C. 1868. Memoire sur les Sarcoptides avicoles
et sur les metamorphoses des Acariens. Compte
rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie
des sciences, Paris, 66 (16): 776–787.

Robin, C. and Mégnin, P. 1877. Memoire sur les Sarcop-
tides plumicoles. Journal of Anatomy and Physiol-
ogy, 13: 209–234, 341–429, 498–520, 629–656.

Sheldon, F.H., Whittingham, L.A., Moyle, R.G., Slikas,
B., and Winkler, D.W. 2005. Phylogeny of swal-
lows (Aves: Hirundinidae) estimated from nuclear
and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular
Phylogenetics and Evolution, 35: 254–270.

Stoll, O. 1893. Arachnida Acaridea. Biologia Centrali-
Americana (zool.), 3: 1–55.

Storni, A., Alves, M.A.S. and Valim, M.P. 2005. Ácaros
de pena e carrapatos (Acari) associados a Turdus
albicollis Vieillot (Aves, Muscicapidae) em uma
área de Mata Atlântica da Ilha Grande, Rio de Ja-
neiro, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 22
(2): 419–423.

Till, W.M. 1954. Five new feather mites of the genus
Pterodectes (Acarina: Analgesidae). Mocambique:
documentario trimestral, 19: 85–100.

Trouessart, E.L. 1885. Note sur la classification des An-
algésiens et diagnoses d’espèces et de genres nou-
veaux. Bulletin de la Société d’Études scientifiques
d’Angers, 14: 46–89.

Trouessart, E.L. 1899. Diagnoses préliminaires d’espèces
nouvelles d’acariens plumicoles. Additions et cor-
rections a la sous-famille des Analgésinés. Bulletin
de la Société d’Études scientifiques d’Angers, 28:
1–62.

Valim, M.P. and Hernandes, F.A. 2006. Redescriptions
of four species of the feather mite genus Ptero-
dectes Robin, 1877 (Acari: Proctophyllodidae:
Pterodectinae) described by Herbert F. Berla. Ac-
arina, 14 (1): 41–55.

Valim, M.P. and Hernandes, F.A. 2008. Redescriptions
of five species of the feather mite genus Pterodect-
es Robin, 1877 (Acari: Proctophyllodidae: Ptero-
dectinae), with proposal of a new genus and a new
species. Acarina, 16 (2): 131–157.

Valim, M.P. and Hernandes, F.A. 2009. A new species
of the feather mite genus Cotingodectes and a new
genus of Pterodectinae (Astigmata: Proctophyllo-
didae). International Journal of Acarology, 35 (3):
265–272.

Valim, M.P., Hernandes, F.A. and Proctor, H.C. Feather
mites of Brazil (Acari: Astigmata: Analgoidea and
Pterolichoidea). International Journal of Acarol-
ogy, in press.

Vitzthum, H. 1929. Ordung: Milben, Acari. Die Tier-
welt Mitteleuropas, 3: 1–112 + pls. 1–12.