SCImago Journal & Country Rank


2012. 20 (1)


About authors:

Razmi G. R., Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran. P.O. Box: 91775-1793

Ramoon M., Envoirmental Protection Office of Mashhad


A survey was conducted out to investigate the species composition and abundance of hard ticks in Tandoureh National Park, Iran. A total of 537 ticks were collected by drag-sampling the vegetation in different regions of the park during the seasons of tick activity from 2007 to 2009. Six species were identified, namely Dermacentor niveus (47.2%), Rhipicephalus turanicus (32.9%), Dermacentor raskemensis (8.6%), Hyalomma turanicum (5.6%), Haemaphysalis sulcata (3%) and Hyalomma aegyptium (2.6%). Based on our results D. niveus and R. turanicus were the predominant species collected by dragging in this
area. Maximum adult activity was observed from May to June and the least number of ticks were collected in September. Ticks were significantly more numerous on the hillsides where moisture levels were relatively higher. More studies need to be done on ticks, especially on such dominant in Tandoureh National Park species as D. niveus and R. turanicus, in order to understand their possible role in transmission of various pathogens.


Abbassian-Lintzen, L. 1961. Records of tick (Acarina:
Ixodidae) occurring in Iran and their distributional
data. Acarologia, 3: 546–559.

Aghamiri, H., Golestani, H. and Bijani, M. 2006.
[Tandoureh National park. Envoirmental protec-
tion office of Khorasan Razavi Province]. [in Per-

Apanaskevich, D.A. 2003. [To diagnostics of Hyalom-
ma (Hyalomma) aegyptium (Acari: Ixodidae)].
Parazitologiya, 37: 47–59. [in Russian]

Apanaskevich, D.A. and Horak, I.G. 2008. The genus
Hyalomma Koch, 1844: V. Re-evaluation of the
taxonomic rank of taxa comprising the H. (Euhy-
alomma) marginatum Koch complex of species
(Acari: Ixodidae) with redescription of all para-
sitic stages and notes on biology. International
Journal of Acarology, 34: 13–42.

Arthur, D.R. 1960. Ticks: a monograph of the Ixodoidea.
Part V. On the genera Dermacentor, Anocentor,
Cosmiomma, Boophilus and Margaropus. London,
Cambridge: University Press. 251 pp.

Estrada-Peña, A. and Estrada-Peña, R. 1991. Notes on
Dermacentor ticks: redescription of D. margin-
atus with the synonymies of D. niveus and D.
daghestanicus (Acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Medi-
cal Entomolology, 28: 2–12.

Estrada-Peña, A., Bouattour, A., Camicas, J.-L., and
Walker, A.R. 2004. Ticks of domestic animals in
Mediterranean Region. A guide to identification of
species. University of Zaragoza. 131 pp.

Filippova, N.A., Neronov, V.M. and Farhang-Azad, A.
1976. [Data on ixodid tick fauna (Acarina, Ixodi-
dae) of small mammals in Iran]. Entomologiches-
koe Obozrenie, 55: 467–479. [in Russian]

Filippova, N.A. 1983. [Redescription of Dermacentor
raskemensis Pomerantzev, 1946 (Ixodidae) — a
representative of the mountain fauna of the south-
ern regions of the USSR and adjacent territories].
Parasitologiya, 17: 283–92. [in Russian]

Hoogstraal, H. 1956. African Ixodoidea. I. Ticks of the
Sudan (with special reference to Equatoria Prov-
ince and with preliminary reviews of the genera
Boophilus, Margaropus and Hyalomma). Depart-
ment of the Navy, Washington D.C. 1101 pp.

Hoogstraal, H. and Kaiser, M.N. 1960. Some host rela-
tionships of the tortoise tick, Hyalomma (Hyalom-
masta) aegyptium (L.) (Ixodoidea, Ixodidae) in
Turkey. Annales Entomological Society of Ameri-
ca, 53: 457–458.

Hoogstraal, H. and Valdez, R. 1980. Ticks (Ixodoidea)
from wild sheep and goats in Iran and medical and
veterinary implications. Fieldiana Zoology, 6:

Jongejan, F. and Uilenberg, G. 2004. The global impor-
tance of ticks. Parasitology, 129 (supplement):

Leontyeva, O. and Kolonin, G. 2002. Hyalomma ae-
gyptium (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae) as the parasite
of Testudo graeca at the western Caucasus. Chelo-
nii, 3: 332–336.

Mazlum, Z. 1971. [Ticks of domestic animals in Iran:
geographic distribution, host relation, and season-
al activity]. Journal of Faculty Veterinary Medi-
cine, University of Tehran, Iran, 27: 1–32. [in Per-

Nabian, S. and Mirsalimi, S.M. 2002. [First report of
presence of Hyalomma aegyptium tick from Testu-
do graeca turtle in Iran]. Journal of Faculty Vet-
erinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Iran, 57:
1–3. [in Persian]

Nabian, S. and Rahbari, S. 2008a. Occurrence of soft
and hard ticks on ruminants in Zagros Mountain-
ous Areas of Iran. Iranian Journal of Arthropod-
Borne Disease, 2: 16–20.

Nabian, S., Rahbari, S., Shayan, P. and Haddadzadeh,
H.R. 2008b. Identification of tick species of Der-
macentor in some localities of Iran. Journal of
Veterinary Research, 63: 87–90.

Petney, T.N. and Al-Yaman, F. 1985. Attachment sites
of the tortoise tick Hyalomma aegyptium in rela-
tion to tick density and physical condition of the
host. Journal of Parasitology, 71: 287–289.

Rahbari, S., Nabian, S., Shayan, P., and Haddadzadeh,
H.R. 2007a. Status of Haemaphysalis tick infesta-
tion in domestic ruminants in Iran. Korean Jour-
nal of Parasitology, 45: 129–132.

Rahbari, S., Nabian, S. and Shayan, P. 2007b. Primary
report on distribution of tick fauna in Iran. Parasi-
tology Research, 101 (suppl. 2): 175–177.

Rahbari, S., Nabian, S., Shayan, P., and Sedghian, M.
2008. A Study of Rhipicephalus species in Iran.
Journal of Veterinary Research, 63: 195–198.

Razmi, G.R., Naghibi, A., Aslani, M.R., Fathivand, M.,
and Dastjerdi, K. 2002. An epidemiological study
on ovine babesiosis in the Mashhad suburb area,
province of Khorasan, Iran. Veterinary Parasitol-
ogy, 108: 109–115.

Razmi, G.R., Naghibi, A., Aslani, M.R., Dastjerdi, K.,
and Hossieni, H. 2003. An epidemiological study
on babesia infection in small ruminants in Mash-
had suburb, Provience of Khorasan, Iran. Small
Ruminants Research, 50: 39–44.

Robbins, R.G., Karesh, W.B., Calle, P.P., Leontyeva,
O.A., Pereshkolnik, S.L., and Rosenberg, S. 1998.
First records of Hyalomma aegyptium (Acari: Ixo-
dida: Ixodidae) from the Russian spur-thighed tor-
toise, Testudo graeca nikolskii, with an analysis of
tick population dynamics. Journal of Parasitolo-
gy, 84: 1303–1305.

Široky, P., Petrzělkova, K.J., Kamler, M., Mihalca,
A.D., and Modry, D. 2006. Hyalomma aegyptium
as dominant tick in tortoises of the genus Testudo
in Balkan countries, with notes on its host prefer-
ences. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 40:

Tavassoli, E., Rahimi-Asiabi, N. and Tavassoli, M.
2007. Hyalomma aegyptium on Spur-thighed Tor-
toise (Testudo graeca) in Urmia Region West
Azerbaijan, Iran. Iranian Journal of Parasitology,
2: 40–47.

Walker, A.R., Bouattour, A., Camicas, J.L., Estrada-
Peña, A., Horak, I.G., Latif, A., Pegram, R.G., and
Preston, P.M. 2003. Ticks of domestic animals in
Africa. A guide to identification of species. Atal-
anta, the Netherlands. 221 pp.

Yashina, L., Petrova, L., Seregin, S., Vyshemirskii, O.,
Lvov, D., Aristova, V., Kuhn, J., Morzunov, S.,
Gutorov, V., Kuzina, L., Tyunnikov, G., Netesov,
S., and Petrov, V. 2003. Genetic variability of
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus in Rus-
sia and Central Asia. Journal of General Virology,
84: 1199–1206.