Journal:

2020. 28 (1)

Publicatione: 
A PRELIMINARY REPORT ON MITES (ACARI) ASSOCIATED WITH THE SMALL SPRUCE BARK BEETLE IPS AMITINUS (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE: SCOLYTINAE) IN WESTERN SIBERIA



About authors:

Alexander A. Khaustov, X-BIO Institute, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia
e–mail: alkhaustov@mail.ru
Ivan A. Kerchev, X-BIO Institute, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia
Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems, Tomsk, Russia

Acknowledgments:

We thank A. A. Gubin (Tyumen State University) for preparing the SEM photographs. We also thank Dr. Omid Joharchi (Tyumen State University) for helping with the identification of mesostigmatic mites. The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), research project No. 20-04-00587.

Annotation:

The small spruce bark beetle Ips amitinus has recently been found in two West Siberian regions: Tomsk and Kemerovo. Here, we collected and identified the mites associated with I. amitinus that naturally colonized branches and twigs of Siberian pine, Pinus sibirica, in Western Siberia, Russia. Five mites species were revealed: Dendrolaelaps quadrisetus (Digamasellidae), Proctolaelaps hystricoides (Melicharidae), Iponemus leionotum and I. asiaticus (Tarsonemidae), as well as Ereynetes (Huntereynetes) sp. (Ereynetidae). Interestingly, phoresy of two species of Iponemus was observed on one host beetle. Three of the five species are known predators and parasitoids of eggs or larvae of bark beetles and could be targeted for biological control of I. amitinus in Russia.

DOI: 10.21684/0132-8077-2020-28-1-39-46

Bibliography:

Ayres, M. P., Wilkens, R. T., Ruel, J. J. and Vallery, E. 2000. Fungal relationships and the nitrogen budget of phloem-feeding bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Ecology, 81: 2198–2210.

Biedermann, P. H., Grégoire, J., Gruppe, A., Hagge, J., Hammerbacher,A., Hofstetter, R., Kandasamy, D., Kolařík, M., Kostovčík, M., Krokene, P., Mueller, J., Sallé, A., Six, D. L., Turrini, T., Vanderpool, D., Wingfield, M. J. and Bässler, C. 2019. Bark Beetle Population Dynamics in the Anthropocene: Challenges and Solutions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 34 (10): 914–924. DOI: 10.1016/ j.tree.2019.06.002

Čejka, M. and Holuša, J. 2014. Phoretic mites in uniand bivoltine populations of Ips typographus: a 1-year case study. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 38: 569–574.

Chaires-Grijalva, M. P., Estrada-Venegas, E. J., Equihua-Martínez, A., Moser, J. C., Sánchez-Martínez, G., Vázquez-Rojas, I. M., Otero-Colina, G. and Romero-Nápoles, J. 2013. Mesostigmados (Acari: Mesostigmata) asociados con Dendroctonus rhizophagus de Chihuahua, México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 84: 1235–1242.

Goheen, D. J. and Hansen, E. M. 1993. Effects of pathogens and bark beetles on forests. Beetle-Pathogen Interactions in Conifer Forests. TD Schowalter and GM Filip, eds. Academic Press. San Diego, 175–196.

Gwiazdowicz, D. J., Bloszyk, J. and Gdula,A. K. 2015. Alpha diversity of mesostigmatid mites associated with the bark beetle Ips typographus (L.) in Poland. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 8: 448–455.

Gwiazdowicz, D. J., Kamczyc, J. and Błoszyk,J. 2011. The diversity of phoretic Mesostigmata on Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) caught in the Karkonosze forest. European Journal of Entomology, 108: 489–491.

Gwiazdowicz, D. J., Kamczyc, J., Teodorowicz, E. and Błoszyk, J. 2012. Mite communities (Acari, Mesostigmata) associated with Ips typographus (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) in managed and natural Norway spruce stands in Central Europe. Central European Journal of Biology, 7: 910–916.

Harvey B. J., Donato D. C., Romme W. H. and Turner M. G. 2013. Influence of recent bark beetle outbreak on fire severity and postfire tree regeneration in montane Douglas-fir forests. Ecology, 94: 2475–2486.

Hirschmann, W. and J. Wioeniewski. 1982. Weltweite revision der Gattungen Dendrolaelaps Halbert 1915 und Longoseius Chant 1961 (Parasitiformes). Band II. Acarologie, 29: 1–48, 1–94 pl.

Hofstetter, R. W. 2011. Mutualists and Phoronts of the Southern Pine Beetle. In: K. D. Klepzig and R. Coulson (Eds.). Southern Pine Beetle II. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station General Technical Report SRS140, pp. 161–181.

Hofstetter, R. W., Moser, J. C. and Blomquist, S. 2013. Mites associated with bark beetles and their hypophoretic Ophiostomatoid fungi. In: K. A. Seifert, Z. W. de Beer and M. J. Wingfield (Eds.). The Ophiostomatoid Fungi: Expanding Frontiers. Chapter 12. 1st edition. CBS Biodiversity Series 12. KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 165–176.

Hofstetter, R. W., Dinkins-Bookwalter, J., Davis, T. S. and Klepzig, K. D. 2015. Symbiotic associations of bark beetles. In: F. E. Vega and R. W. Hofstetter (Eds.). Bark Beetles, Biology and Ecology of Native and Invasive species. Chapter 6. 1st edition. Academic Press, Elsevier, pp. 209–245.

Kazemi, S. and Rajaei, A. 2013. An annotated checklist of Iranian Mesostigmata (Acari), excluding the family Phytoseiidae. Persian Journal of Acarology, 2: 63-158.

Kerchev, I. A., Mandelshtam, M. Yu., Krivets, S. A. and Ilinsky, Y. Y. 2019. Small spruce bark beetle Ips amitinus (Eichhoff, 1872) (Coleoptera, Curculionidae: Scolytinae): a new alien species in West Siberia. Entomological Review, 99 (5): 639–644.

Khaustov, A. A. 1999. The redescription of 〈 〉 Pediculoides 〈 〉 ipidarius Redikortsev, 1947, with description of the new species from the genus Paracarophenax (Acari: Heterostigmata: Acarophenacidae). Acarina, 7: 57–59.

Khaustov, A. A., Tolstikov, A. V. and Ermilov, S. G. 2017. Parasitoid mites (Acari: Heterostigmata) of bark beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) of Western Siberia. In: Abstract book of the third International Persian Congress of Acarology, 23–25 August 2017, pp. 23–24.

Khaustov, A. A., Trach, V. A. and Bobylev, A. N. 2016. Mites (Acari) phoretic on six-toothed spruce bark beetle, Pityogenes chalcographus Linnaeus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), in Western Siberia, Russia. Acarina, 24 (2): 137–151. DOI: 10.21684/0132-8077-2016-24-2-137-151

Khaustov, A. A., Klimov, P. B., Trach, V. A., Bobylev, A. N., Salavatulin, V. M., Khaustov, V. A. and Tolstikov, A. V. 2018. Review of mites (Acari) associated with the European spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in Asian Russia. Acarina, 26 (1): 3–79. DOI: 10.21684/0132-8077-2018-26-1-3-79

Kiełczewski, B. and Wiśniewski, J. 1978. Bark beetle acarofauna in different types of forest habitat. PartIV. Bulletin de la Société des amis des sciences et des lettres de Poznań, Serie D, 18: 119–133.

Kielczewski, В. and Wisniewski, J. 1983. Bark beetle acarofauna in different types of forest habitat. Part I and II. Introduction and Mesostigmata. Folia Forestalia Polonica, Seria A, 25: 129–162.

Kinn, D. N. and Swanston, D. N. 1976. Key to Mites Commonly Associated with the Southern Pine Beetle. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Orleans, LA. 11 pp.

Kinn, D. N. 1967. Notes on the life cycle and habits of Digamasellus quadrisetus (Mesostigmata: Digamasellidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 60: 862–865.

Klepzig, K. D. and Hofstetter R. W. 2011. From Attack to Emergence: Interactions between southern pine beetle, mites, microbes and trees. In: K. D. Klepzig and R. Coulson (Eds.). Southern Pine Beetle II. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station General Technical Report SRS-140, pp. 141–152.

Knee, W., Forbes, M. R. and Beaulieu, F. 2013. Diversity and host use of mites (Acari: Mesostigmata, Oribatida) phoretic on bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytinae): global generalists, local specialists? Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 106: 339–350.

Lieutier, F. 1978. Les acariens associes a Ips typographus et Ips sexdentatus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) en region parisienne et les variations de leurs populations au cours du cycle annuel. Bulletin d’Ecologie, 9: 307–321.

Lindquist, E. E. 1969. Review of Holarctic tarsonemid mites (Acarina: Prostigmata) parasitizing eggs of ipine bark beetles. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 101: 5–111.

Lindquist, E. E. 1970. Relationships between mites and insects in forest habitats. Canadian Entomologist, 102: 978–984.

Lindquist, E. E. and Hunter, P. E. 1965. Some mites of the genus Proctolaelaps Berlese (Acarina: Blattisociidae) associated with forest insect pests. Canadian Entomologist, 97: 16–32.

Mandelshtam, M. 1999. Notes on the current status of Ips amitinus Eichh. (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) in NorthWest Russia. Entomologica Fennica, 10 (1): 29–34.

Moraza, M. L., Fernández, M. and Jurc, M. 2013. Phoretic mites of the six-spined engraver beetle, Ips sexdentatus (Böerner, 1776) (Coleoptera, Scolytinae), on Pinus halepensis in Slovenia. International Journal of Acarology, 39: 597–599.

Moser, J. C. and Bogenschütz, H. 1984. A key to the mites associated with flying Ips typographus in South Germany. Zeitschrift für Entomologie, 97: 437–450.

Moser, J. C., Eidmann, H. H. and Regnander, J. R. 1989. The mites associated with Ips typographus in Sweden. Annales Entomologici Fennici, 55: 23–27.

Moser, J. C., Perry, T. J. and Furuta, K. 1997. Phoretic mites and their hyperphoretic fungi associated with flying Ips typographus japonicus Niijima (Col., Scolytidae) in Japan. Journal of Applied Entomology, 121: 425–428.

Moser, J. C. and Roton, L. M. 1971. Mites associated with southern pine bark beetles in Allen Parish, Louisiana. The Canadian Entomologist, 103: 1775–1798.

Økland, B., Flø D., Schroeder, M., Zach, P., Cocos, D., Martikainen, P., Siitonen, J., Mandelshtam, M. Y., Musolin, D. L., Neuvonen, S., Vakula, J., Nikolov, C., Lindelöw, Å. and Voolma, K. 2019. Range expansion of the small spruce bark beetle Ips amitinus: a newcomer in northern Europe. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 21 (3): 286–298.

Penttinen, R., Viiri, H. and Moser,J. C. 2013. The mites (Acari) associated with bark beetles in the Koli National Park in Finland. Acarologia, 53: 3–15.

Pernek, M., Hrasovec, B., Matosevic, D., Pilas, I., Kirisits, T. and Moser, J. C. 2008. Phoretic mites of three bark beetles (Pityocteines spp.) on Silver fir. Journal of Pest Science, 81: 35–42.

Pernek, M., Wirth, S., Blomquist S. R., Avtzis, D. N. and Moser, J. C. 2012. New associations of phoretic mites on Pityocteines curvidens (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Scolytinae). Central European Journal of Biology, 7: 63–68.

Petrov, A. V. and Dostavalov, E. A. 2015. Change in aggressiveness of the bark beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) associated with pathogenic microorganisms. Izvestia Sankt-Peterburgskoj Lesotehniceskoj Akademii, 211: 76–91 (In Russian with English summary).

Raffa, K. F., Gregoire, J.-C. and Lindgren, B. S. 2015. Natural history and ecology of bark beetles. In: F. E. Vega and R. W. Hofstetter (Eds.). Bark Beetles, Biology and Ecology of Native and Invasive species. Chapter 1. 1st edition. Academic Press, Elsevier, pp. 1–28.

Scherbakov, A. N., Nikitsky, N. B., Polevoi, A. V. and Humala,A. E. 2013. On the beetle fauna of “Pasvik” Nature Reserve (Insecta, Coleoptera). Vestnik Moskovskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta Lesa— Lesnoi Vestnik, 6 (98): 16–21. (In Russian, with English abstract).

Shcherbak, G. I. 1980. Kleshchi Semeystva Rhodacaridae Palearktiki [Mites of the Family Rhodacaridae of the Palaearctic]. Naukova Dumka, Kyiv. 215 pp. (In Russian)

Stark, V. N. 1952. Koroedy [Scolytid beetles]. In: A. A. Stackelberg (Ed.). Fauna SSSR [Fauna of the USSR]. New Series. Vol. 31: Coleoptera. No. 49. USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow–Leningrad. 462 pp. (In Russian)

Stephen, F. M. and Kinn, D. N. 1980. Spatial distribution of mite associates of within-tree populations of Dendroctonus frontalis Zimm. Environmental Entomology, 9: 13–15.

Takov, D., Pilarska, D. and Moser, J. 2009. Phoretic mites associated with spruce bark beetle Ips typographus L. (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) from Bulgaria. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 61: 293–296.

Trach, V. A. and Khaustov, A. A. 2017. Mites of the genus Proctolaelaps Berlese, 1923 (Acari: Mesostigmata: Melicharidae) associated with bark beetles in Asian Russia. Acarina, 25 (2): 151–163. DOI: 10.21684/0132-8077-2017-25-2-151-163

Voolma, K., Mandelshtam, M. Yu., Shcherbakov, A. N., Yakovlev, E. B., Õunap, H., Süda, I., Popovichev, B. G., Sharapa, T. V., Galasjeva, T. V., Khairetdinov, R. R., Lipatkin, V. A. and Mozolevskaya, E. G. 2004. Distribution and spread of bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) around the Gulf of Finland: a comparative study with notes on rare species of Estonia, Finland and North-Western Russia. Entomologica Fennica, 15 (4): 198–210.

Vrabec, M., Kaluz, S. and Ferenčik, J. 2012. Foretické roztoče na lykožrútovi smrekovom (Ips typographus) na vybraných lokalitách vo Vysokých Tatrách. Entomofauna Carpathica, 24: 1–14.